Henry and Kemmis (1985, p. 1) defined action research as:
a form of self-reflective enquiry undertaken by participants in social situations in order to improve the rationality and justice in their own social or educational practices, as well as their own understanding of these practices and the situations in which these practices are carried out.
Put differently, action research is done by a person or people in their own environment in the hope of improving their practice, their understanding of their practice and their understanding of the environment in which they practice. Significantly, action research is not about what that person normally does, its focus is on problem-posing not problem-setting, it isn’t done on other people nor does it treat them as objects. Instead it is about helping people to improve (often ourselves but not always). It isn’t a scientific method so don’t use it to set hypothesis and test them.Read More